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“Robinson believed that, if he looked at it hard enough, he could cause the surface of the city to reveal to him the molecular basis of historical events, and in this way he hoped to see into the future.”. The View From The Train: Cities And Other Landscapes and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. The View from the Train: Cities and Other Landscapes Paperback – October 7, In his sequence of films, Patrick Keiller retraces the hidden story of the places.
Article Information Volume: 34 issue: 6, page s : Article first published online: June 16, ; Issue published: December 1, Email: jeff. Abstract Full Text Abstract. Keywords Cinema , Patrick Keiller , space.
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Benjamin, W. Bowring, J Melancholy landscapes of modernity. Landscape Journal 2 — Google Scholar Crossref. Burgin, V The city in pieces. In: Burgin, V ed. Clarke, D The city of the future revisited or the lost world of Patrick Keiller. Transactions of the British Institute of Geography 29 — Clarke, D Urbi et Orbi. Cultural Politics 9 3 : — Clarke, D, Doel, M Shooting space, tracking time: The city from animated photography to vernacular relativity. Cultural Geographies — History Workshop Journal — Dave, P Robinson in ruins: Materialism and the archaeological imagination.
Through an incentive program, we replace greenery lost on the ground from development with greenery in the sky through high-rise terraces and gardens. This adds another layer of space for recreation and gathering. In Marina Bay, all developments comply with a percent greenery replacement policy.
The Pinnacle Duxton, the tallest public housing development in the world, has seven story buildings connected by gardens on the 26 th and 50th floors. You can even jog around a track on these levels, which are also equipped with exercise stations. Given our land constraints, Singapore has no choice but to adopt high-density development.
At its essence, livable density is about creating quality of life despite that density. We offer proximity to shops, schools, entertainment, healthcare, and the outdoors. Affordable public rail networks reduce traffic congestion. Livable density also means that we prioritize parks and recreation facilities. We intersperse parks, rivers, and ponds amid our high-rises.
These bodies of water also double as flood-control mechanisms. And we plant lushly—some three million trees cover Singapore, including a stand of virgin rainforest, rich in biodiversity, right in the heart of the island. We are also connecting our many parks into a network.
Some hill parks are linked by iconic bridges, another example of how we create the illusion of space.
Within our public housing estates, Singaporeans build homes, start families, and form strong bonds with their neighbors. Our founding prime minister had a vision to build a nation of homeowners—to give Singaporeans a tangible stake in our country, financial security, and a critical sense of belonging. Through the Housing and Development Board HDB , the government builds flats [apartments] that are sold to citizens with a year lease. Today HDB manages close to one million flats, housing more than 80 percent of the population. Some 95 percent of the units are owned.
Urban planning is more than just good physical design. The flats are priced to be affordable, at about 20 to 25 percent of income.
We provide choices for diverse needs and budgets, ranging from one bedroom to multigenerational flats, with four bedrooms. As it appreciates over time, the flat may be a key source of financing retirement needs. Elderly flat owners can sublet; sell off a larger flat for a smaller one; or sell part of their lease back to HDB so that the proceeds can be used to buy an annuity that provides income while they remain in their own home.
For vulnerable families who cannot afford a flat of their own, HDB helps them through its public rental program. Buildings will be green—a major target is to have 80 percent achieve an environmental performance rating called Green Mark by , in order to reduce energy use and carbon emissions. New solutions will support the urban lifestyle: More people will be based in Smart Work Centres —shared work space for employees from different companies—near their homes, reducing the need to travel, improving productivity, and enhancing work-life balance. Technology will also allow us to tap underground and cavern spaces to supplement our limited land.
Our urban planners are endeavoring to develop a 3-D masterplan of underground Singapore.