Some of us have immune systems that are better at keeping the virus infections in check, and those individuals may not have any spots showing even when they have this infection.
In contrast, other people who have an immune system which is less effective at controlling the virus may have warts. The best dermatologists in Omaha know that for these reasons in long-term couples, one of the partners may show signs of HPV infection whereas the other may never show any signs of it even though they both may be infected with the virus.
In some cases, there may be a long lag period between the initial exposure to HPV and showing spots due to the infection. In other words, it may take a long time from when you pick up the virus until you actually have warts show up on your skin.
Keep in mind that there is no test available to tell if someone has HPV. Also, the diagnosis of genital warts is generally made by examining the spots themselves, instead of performing any sort of test on them. For genital warts, there are numerous treatments available. Surgical treatments for general warts are the most commonly used therapies. Of all types of surgery, cryosurgery is often the best surgery for warts.
This involves freezing the visible warts with liquid nitrogen. Though the treatment does not affect the overall infection with HPV, it does help in most cases to clear out the visible skin spots. There are also a few different FDA-approved topical treatments that can be applied to the warts.
The most frequently used of these is known as Imiquimod Aldara or Zyclara. Though there is no cure for HPV infection, these treatments can be very effective at reducing or eliminating warts. They may need to be repeated periodically for any warts that are stubborn or new ones that arise over time. Though HPV infection cannot be cured, it can be prevented. There are two main ways that preventative steps can be taken. On the converse, fewer sexual partners means fewer exposures and less risk for HPV.
Use of condoms can also have benefits, but unfortunately, they do not completely eliminate contact with some areas within the genital region, therefore HPV can still be spread as it is transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. This vaccine has been refined and improved and now covers for 9 different types of HPV including ones that can cause genital cancers and genital warts. Genital warts require different treatments. There are quite a few treatments for genital warts. Before choosing your treatment, a dermatologist will consider many things, including the number of warts, where the warts are, and your overall health.
Different treatments for genital warts follow. Medicine: Often the dermatologist prescribes medicines that you will apply to the genital warts at home. These prescription medicines include:.
An ointment made of green tea extract sinecatechins for external warts and warts around the anus. Procedures: A dermatologist may perform one of these procedures during an office visit:.
Other treatments: Sometimes medicine is injected into the warts. Interferon, an antiviral medicine, may be injected into genital warts. This treatment is usually used if other treatment fails. Ask your dermatologist about possible side effects health problems that can result from the treatment. Treatment can remove the warts you see, but it may not get rid of the virus. If the virus remains, the warts can return.
If you still have the virus, you can spread it through sex. HPV can cause cervical cancer and other cancers including cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, or throat oropharyngeal cancer. In most cases, HPV goes away on its own and does not cause any health problems. However, there is no way to know if people who have HPV will develop cancer or other health problems.
A risk factor is the chance that something will harm or otherwise affect a person's health. The most reliable way to avoid transmission of STDs is to abstain from oral, vaginal, and anal sex or to be in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with a partner known to be uninfected.
There are HPV tests that can be used to screen for cervical cancer. HPV tests are not recommended for younger women ages 29 and younger because HPV infections in this age group are very common and usually clear quickly. These tests are recommended for screening only in women ages 30 and older. In women who are ages 30 and older, HPV infections are less likely to be new, short-lived infections so HPV testing may help to determine which women need closer follow-up. Pap tests are recommended to check for changes in the cervical cells that may be caused by HPV and can lead to cancer if not treated early.
Young women, beginning at age 21, should get regular Pap tests every three years. Women should talk to their healthcare provider about how often and which type of testing HPV test, Pap test, or both is best. Talk to your dentist about any symptoms that could suggest early signs of oropharyngeal cancer persistent sore throat, earaches, hoarseness, enlarged lymph nodes, pain when swallowing, and unexplained weight loss.
There is no treatment for HPV itself. However, there are treatments for the health problems that HPV can cause:. Even if you do not have any symptoms, you can still infect your sex partners. Using condoms may help lower this risk but it will not get rid of the risk completely. If you have HPV, you should tell your sex partner s so they can make an appointment to discuss their options with a healthcare provider.
Because a positive STD diagnosis may affect how you will feel about current or future sexual relationships, it is important to understand how to talk to sexual partners about STDs. If you are pregnant you can have complications from HPV during pregnancy such as genital warts or abnormal cell development on the cervix. You may elect to delay treatment until after delivery.
When genital warts are large or spread out, this can complicate a vaginal delivery. In cases where there are large genital warts that are blocking the birth canal, a cesarean section may be recommended.